Resource Library

HISTORIC ARTICLE

HISTORIC ARTICLE

Jul 28, 1868 CE: 14th Amendment Ratified

Jul 28, 1868 CE: 14th Amendment Ratified

On July 28, 1868, the 14th amendment to the United States Constitution was certified, guaranteeing the rights and privileges of citizenship to all persons born or naturalized as U.S. citizens.

Grades

8 - 11

Subjects

U.S. History

On July 28, 1868, the 14th Amendment to the United States Constitution was certified for ratification. The 14th Amendment guarantees the rights and privileges of citizenship to all persons born or naturalized as U.S. citizens. The 14th Amendment (along with the 13th and 15th Amendments) was one of the “Reconstruction amendments” passed in the aftermath of the U.S. Civil War. These amendments abolished slavery and established voting and citizenship rights primarily for African-American men. These rights were later extended to women and other ethnic groups. The 14th Amendment has four sections. The first section has four clauses: the citizenship clause, the privileges and immunities clause, the due process clause, and the equal protection clause. These clauses limit states’ authority in determining the rights of U.S. citizens. The clauses of the 14th Amendment—especially the equal protection clause—are among the most litigated and controversial in U.S. history. Plyer v. Doe is an interpretation of the citizenship clause. It prevents states from denying public-school funding to undocumented immigrants. Roe v. Wade is an interpretation of the due process clause. It allows a woman to have an abortion under certain circumstances. Brown v. Board of Education is an interpretation of the equal protection clause. It prohibits public schools from segregating students and facilities based on race.

Media Credits

The audio, illustrations, photos, and videos are credited beneath the media asset, except for promotional images, which generally link to another page that contains the media credit. The Rights Holder for media is the person or group credited.

Writer
National Geographic Society, National Geographic Society
Producer
National Geographic Society, National Geographic Society
other
Last Updated

May 20, 2022

For information on user permissions, please read our Terms of Service. If you have questions about licensing content on this page, please contact ngimagecollection@natgeo.com for more information and to obtain a license. If you have questions about how to cite anything on our website in your project or classroom presentation, please contact your teacher. She or he will best know the preferred format. When you reach out to him or her, you will need the page title, URL, and the date you accessed the resource.

Media

If a media asset is downloadable, a download button appears in the corner of the media viewer. If no button appears, you cannot download or save the media.

Text

Text on this page is printable and can be used according to our Terms of Service.

Interactives

Any interactives on this page can only be played while you are visiting our website. You cannot download interactives.

Related Resources