Biodiversity of the Amazon

Biodiversity of the Amazon

The Amazon Basin is home to half of the world's tropical forests. These forests are home to an incredible diversity of plant and animal life.


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Biology, Ecology, Geography

The Amazon Basin is home to half of the world's tropical forests. These forests are home to an incredible diversity of plant and animal life. From the birds and bees of the forest canopy to the sloths and snakes beneath, the Amazon has a dazzling array of species . . . some of which remain undiscovered. Visit our MapMaker Interactive geo-tour to uncover the richness of the Amazon rain forest. Be sure to click on the bookmarks for information on each map, and on markers for media and information on specific species. Use our markers and “save” features to customize the map as your own.

Fast Fact

10 Animal Species Endemic to the Amazon BasinThese animals are only found in the Amazon River or one of its rain forest ecosystems.

  1. Caquetá tití monkey (Western Colombia) (critically endangered)
  2. Hoary-throated spinetail bird (Brazil and Guyana) (critically endangered)
  3. Pink-throated brilliant hummingbird (Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru) (vulnerable)
  4. Fantastic poison frog (Northern Peru) (near-threatened)
  5. Amazon river dolphin (Amazon and Orinoco river basins) (insufficient data to assign a conservation status.)
  6. Amazon bamboo rat (Bolivia, Western Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru) (least concern)
  7. Albina Suriname toad (French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname) (least concern)
  8. Southern two-toed sloth (Northern Amazon Basin) (least concern)
  9. Black spider monkey (Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana) (vulnerable)
  10. Black bearded saki (Northeastern Brazil) (critically endangered)
Media Credits

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Heather J. Johnson, Vanderbilt University
National Geographic Society
National Geographic Society
Last Updated

May 20, 2022

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The BIO Program at the Inter-American Development Bank
The Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation

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