The Hawaiian Islands were formed by a volcanic hot spot, an upwelling plume of magma, that creates new islands as the Pacific Plate moves over it.
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The islands of Hawai'i are still being shaped by shifts of its tectonic plate, the Pacific Plate. This causes magma to gusher out of volcanoes as lava like this eruption on the Big Island of Hawai'i.
Photograph by Bruce Beck
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July 15, 2022
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