Getting Started With Google Earth

Getting Started With Google Earth

Google Earth makes a world of geographic information available to your students in a dynamic way over a web browser. Use these ideas to get familiar with the available tools and features, and infuse your students’ learning with geographic thinking and inquiry.


5 - 8



Google Earth makes a world of geographic information available to your students in a dynamic way over a web browser. Use these ideas to get familiar with the available tools and features, and infuse your students’ learning with geographic thinking and inquiry.

These ideas closely connect to the National Geography Standards and many of the Geography Standards in the C3 Framework.

Photo of the Golden Gate Bridge.
Exploring Structures

Use the 3-D functionality of Google Earth to view the following structures around the world: Gateway Arch (St. Louis, Missouri, United States), Golden Gate Bridge (San Francisco, California, United States), Prague Castle (Prague, Czech Republic), Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore (Florence, Italy), Osaka Castle (Osaka, Japan), and the Sagrada Familia (Barcelona, Spain). Have students read the information card for basic information on each place. Students can explore the structures, write mathematical and geometric descriptions of them, and create a list of questions they have about the structures. Have students go further by working in small groups to research and present on the buildings’ structural engineering, cultural significance, and present day role in their respective cities.

Picture of Earth from space.
I'm Feeling Lucky

Have students use the I’m Feeling Lucky feature (represented by the dice icon) in Google Earth to visit five to 10 locations around the world. Have them explore each place using Google Earth data and maps, including Street View (if available for that location). Students should save each place in their My Places folder so they can easily refer back to them. For each location, have students decide the three most important pieces of information about each of those places. (Tip: Students can use the Knowledge Cards to gather information.) Challenge students to develop detailed geographic descriptions that might include absolute or relative locations, the topography of the landscape (or architecture, if it’s a built structure), and other cultural attributes of the place.

World map
Twenty Earth Questions

Have students work in small groups to challenge each other to a game of Twenty Questions, using the I’m Feeling Lucky feature. Have one student at a time click the dice icon and see where it takes them. The other students in the group then ask questions about the geography of the place to try and figure out where the first student landed in Earth. Students can ask questions such as “Is your place on the African continent?”, “Is it a body of water?”, or “Is it east or west of the Mississippi River?” The students guessing can use Google Earth to narrow down possibilities before they guess.

The Lewis Range and partially frozen Lake McDonald.
Exploring the Hydrosphere

Have students view Google Earth to find and identify as many examples as they can of the hydrosphere. If background information is needed, you can have them read this encyclopedic entry on the hydrosphere or use the activity Our Hydrosphere. Working in Google Earth, students can find examples of lakes, rivers, artificial reservoirs, glaciers, icebergs, ice sheets, and even clouds (make sure to be zoomed out and looking at the whole globe to see clouds in Google Earth). You can split students into groups to conduct a hydrosphere scavenger hunt and lead a discussion about which elements of the hydrosphere are harder to find than others (e.g., underground reservoirs).

Photograph of a Mayan ruin.
Ten-Day Tour Around the World

Getting familiar with the physical and human geography of the world we live in is a cornerstone of becoming a global citizen. Challenge students to use Google Earth to build an itinerary for a tour they will take with family or friends to 10 locations around the world.

Direct students to include a variety of sites with diverse historical, cultural, and environmental significance—for example, the Taj Mahal (a cultural site in India), the Amazon rain forest (an area of environmental significance), and the Great Wall of China (a site of historical significance).

Encourage students to use the worksheet Creating a Tour Around the World with Google Earth to explore in Google Earth and plan their tour. Have students save their tour stops to the My Places folder, and create a detailed tour itinerary to share.

Mobile x-ray system examines containerized cargo being off-loaded from ships in the Port of Los Angeles.
Movement of Goods

Start by having students watch this video as an introduction to the challenges of shipping cargo and then answer questions about the video in the Questions tab on the page. Then have students type “Port of Los Angeles” into Google Earth search and fly to this location. Explain to students that there are many important ports around the world and that the Port of Los Angeles is one of the largest cargo ports in the United States. Ask students what they think is imported and exported from this port (major imports include products such as furniture, footwear, electronics, cars, and apparel; major exports include paper wastepaper, cotton, animal feed, and scrap metal). Then ask students how they think goods are transported in and out of the port. Have students view the satellite imagery for clues, and if needed, direct them to identify the train and rail infrastructure in and around the port. Use this as an opportunity to lead a discussion about transportation systems and how they move people and goods or go further with this topic in the Geography of a Pencil activity.

Photo of Devils Tower.
National Parks Rock

The National Park Service oversees more than 400 sites across the United States. Many of these are places of immense natural beauty and ecological importance. Others are important sites of shared historical heritage. And many have amazing rock formations!

Have students download and open this KMZ file in Google Earth. Direct students to double click on each park's name in the left menu to zoom in to each park. Have students identify examples of interesting geological features in these parks. Demonstrate to students how to use Street View and view features in 3-D.

Have students explore resources such as this National Parks page to learn more about unique geological features. The encyclopedia entry on weathering provides helpful background information. For additional activities to get students excited about parks, see Find Your Park.

The Cathedral Rock formation, bathed in sunset's golden glow.
Exploring Landforms

Use Google Earth with the activity Mapping Landforms. Have students identify different types of landforms and create a state landform map. Students can race around the world in Google Earth to find examples of the following landforms: lakes, mountains, valleys, plateaus, plains, rivers, bays. You can create a game out of this by assigning points when students find unique examples or examples from different countries or continents. You can get more complex with additional landforms such as mesas, archipelagos, and glacial moraines. See our encyclopedia of geographic terms and concepts for background info, such as this article on isthmuses. Extend this idea by leading a discussion about how different features form over time or which ones make human settlement easy or difficult.

A world map with a geode projection.
Comparing Map Projections

Most often with printed maps and maps that can be found on the internet, the size and shape of features (continents, islands, the ocean) are distorted because cartographers use map projections to display a spherical feature on a flat surface. To provide students with more background on this topic, show the video Selecting a Map Projection, or conduct the activity Investigating Map Projections.

Explain that Google Earth, however, is a virtual globe, which means that features are not distorted in the same way as they are in a projected map. Have students observe this effect by first looking at Google Maps and comparing the size of Greenland to the size of Africa, based on what they see in the map. Have them estimate how much bigger Africa is than Greenland. Then have them do this same exercise in Google Earth. How do their estimates differ? Discuss the topic of map projections, find additional examples of differences in distortion, and brainstorm common geographic misconceptions that might stem from this feeling.

Photo of Half Dome at sunset.
On Top of Half Dome

Have students visit Yosemite National Park’s Half Dome in Google Earth. Demonstrate how to change the tilt and perspective of the viewing angle to see Half Dome from all sides. Then have them explore this natural feature using Street View. Students should make observations about the rock and hypothesize why the Half Dome is shaped like it is.

Ask students to imagine themselves standing atop Half Dome, after hiking to the peak. Have them write a paragraph from this perspective, looking out over Yosemite Valley. Encourage them to study the surrounding area to add in descriptive geographic language. Students can further explore Yosemite with these additional Street View scenes: El Capitan, Giant Sequoias.

Aerial photo of Christ the Redeemer.
Exploring Sacred Sites

Google Earth includes a number of important religious and sacred sites that students can explore. Begin by having students explore Uluru (Ayers Rock) in Australia, the Christ the Redeemer statue in Brazil, and Angkor Wat in Cambodia. (Tip: Click the arrow in the top left to go from Street View back to an aerial 3-D view of these features). Based on students’ findings, lead a discussion about sacred sites.

Then have students watch the video series The Conflict Zone to learn about National Geographic Explorer Aziz Abu Sarah’s work to bridge cultural divides in Jerusalem, a city considered a sacred site to members of three major world religions. Have students visit Jerusalem in Google Earth (Tip: Use “Old City Jerusalem” as the search term), and use Street View to identify the various cultures that share this location as a holy site. Extend instruction on this topic with the collection of education resources about Jerusalem.

Media Credits

The audio, illustrations, photos, and videos are credited beneath the media asset, except for promotional images, which generally link to another page that contains the media credit. The Rights Holder for media is the person or group credited.

Sean P. O'Connor
Chandana Jasti, National Geographic Society
Nancy Chow, National Geographic Society
Jordan Lim, National Geographic Society
special thanks

James Allen, Jessica Bean, Peter Cameron, Joel Charlebois, Charles Dabritz, Merinda Davis, Shiona Drummer, Andrette Duncan, Lise Galuga, Nicholas Gattis, Amanda Hensley, Melissa Hero, Rosalinda Jaimes, Brynn Johnson, Katherine Kauffman, Peg Keiner, Natalia LeMoyne, Joseph (Joe) Levine, Paul McAllister, Emily McAllister, Kelly McCarthy, Alvera McMillan, Michael Middleton, Pradip Misra, Raven Moore, Breanna Myles, Michele Osinski, Judith Painter, Ellie Reitz, Jeff Richardson, Rebekah Rottenberg, Terri Sallee, William (Bill) Scales, Afzal Shaikh, Miroslava Silva-Ordaz, Samantha Sinding, Dana Tatlock, Martha Thornburgh, Jessica Walsh, Brooke Whitlow, Josh Williams, Layne Zimmers.

Last Updated

January 20, 2023

For information on user permissions, please read our Terms of Service. If you have questions about licensing content on this page, please contact for more information and to obtain a license. If you have questions about how to cite anything on our website in your project or classroom presentation, please contact your teacher. She or he will best know the preferred format. When you reach out to him or her, you will need the page title, URL, and the date you accessed the resource.


If a media asset is downloadable, a download button appears in the corner of the media viewer. If no button appears, you cannot download or save the media.


Text on this page is printable and can be used according to our Terms of Service.


Any interactives on this page can only be played while you are visiting our website. You cannot download interactives.

Related Resources