Josie Underwood's Civil War Diary

Josie Underwood's Civil War Diary

Video. A young southern belle chronicles the times when Union and Confederate troops invaded her home in Bowling Green, Kentucky.

Grades

6 - 12+

Subjects

Social Studies, U.S. History

Program
NG Live

This video was filmed on April 5, 2012 as part of the National Geographic Live! Lecture series at National Geographic Society headquarters in Washington, D.C.

Introduction
Author Winston Groom writes that Shiloh was the first battle in the United States Civil War that shocked Americans into seeing how long and how terrible the war would become. A well-educated, outspoken member of a politically prominent family in Bowling Green, Kentucky, Josie Underwood (1840-1923) left behind one of the few intimate accounts of the Civil War written by a southern woman sympathetic to the U.S., despite living in a Confederate state in rebellion.


Outline

  • Who was Josie Underwood? (start-00:35 min.)

  • Passage from Josie Underwood's diary: March 1,1862 (00:36-00:59 min.)

  • Casualties during the Civil War (01:00-01:15 min.)

  • Passage from Josie Underwood's diary: April 15, 1862 (01:16-01:24 min.)

  • Background of Josie Underwood (01:25-02:03 min.)

  • Passage from Josie Underwood's diary: Sept 3, 1862 (02:04-02:16 min.)

  • Harsh realities of the Civil War (02:17-02:37 min.)

Strategies for Using Video in a Variety of Learning Environments

  • Have students preview several of the videos and choose the one they find most inspiring. Have students describe in writing a conversation they might have with the speaker(s).

  • Freeze the video on a relevant image. Have students observe details in the still image and jot down predictions of what the full video might address. Discuss students’ ideas before and after watching the video.

  • Pose an open-ended question before students watch the video, and have them discuss their ideas before and after in small groups.

  • Have students determine what they think the key message of this video is. Was the speaker effective in getting his or her message across?

  • Show a short clip to engage students during class, and then have students watch the full video at home and write a paragraph responding to the content or a question you give them.

  • Have students note statements that represent facts or opinions, including where it’s difficult to tell the difference. What further research might help distinguish facts and opinions? How might the speaker’s viewpoint compare with others’ viewpoints about a topic?
Media Credits

The audio, illustrations, photos, and videos are credited beneath the media asset, except for promotional images, which generally link to another page that contains the media credit. The Rights Holder for media is the person or group credited.

Page Producers
Nina Page, National Geographic Society,
Samantha Zuhlke, National Geographic Society
other
Last Updated

May 20, 2022

For information on user permissions, please read our Terms of Service. If you have questions about licensing content on this page, please contact ngimagecollection@natgeo.com for more information and to obtain a license. If you have questions about how to cite anything on our website in your project or classroom presentation, please contact your teacher. She or he will best know the preferred format. When you reach out to him or her, you will need the page title, URL, and the date you accessed the resource.

Media

If a media asset is downloadable, a download button appears in the corner of the media viewer. If no button appears, you cannot download or save the media.

Text

Text on this page is printable and can be used according to our Terms of Service.

Interactives

Any interactives on this page can only be played while you are visiting our website. You cannot download interactives.

Related Resources