Mar 3, 1938 CE: Oil Discovered in Saudi Arabia

Mar 3, 1938 CE: Oil Discovered in Saudi Arabia

On March 3, 1938, an American-owned oil well in Dammam, Saudi Arabia, drilled into what would soon be identified as the largest source of petroleum in the world.


9 - 12


Geography, Human Geography, Physical Geography

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On March 3, 1938, oil was discovered in Dammam, Saudi Arabia. This discovery changed Saudi Arabia and the world. Most of the developed world depends on oil for industry and transportation. Saudi Arabia sells more oil, to more countries, than any other nation in the world. Oil makes up roughly 92% of Saudi Arabia’s business! The discovery of oil allowed Saudi Arabian leaders to build roads, bridges, oil pipelines, ports, factories, schools, and hospitals. Today, millions of people immigrate to Saudi Arabia from Africa, Asia, Europe, and the U.S. in search of jobs supported by the oil industry.

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National Geographic Society
National Geographic Society
Last Updated

October 19, 2023

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