# Real-Time Data from Mount Everest

Sam Brooks Hyde works with a team at National Geographic to bring real-time data from Mount Everest right to your screen. The technology they use visualizes data to help people experience and understand the world.

5 - 12+

### Subjects

Earth Science, Climatology, Geography, Physical Geography

Idea for Use in the Classroom (High School)

National Geographic and Rolex recently partnered to support an expedition to install weather stations on Mount Everest. These weather stations are among the highest in the world and transmit data back in real-time.

Begin by asking students to read the encyclopedic entries Mount Everest and altitude to build their background knowledge on this extreme environment. Then have them watch the video Real-Time Data from Mt. Everest (above) and read the article Inside the Everest Expedition that Built the World’s Highest Weather Station to become familiar with the expedition and data set students will be working with. Next, direct students to the interactive map of Everest, and encourage them to click on each of the points along the expedition route, read the accompanying text, and view the image. Have students examine data from the Everest Weather Station Network. Use the Perpetual Planet Data Table handout to record the temperature and pressure values for one week for each of the weather stations.

Note: Sometimes, when working with live data, things go wrong. Extreme winds blow the weather station clean off the mountain, a tool freezes, or there is a poor connection with the satellite transmitting the data. If the widgets linked in the Perpetual Planet Data Table are down, use the data in this pre-completed Perpetual Planet Data Table Backup Data handout to complete the activity.

Once students have completed their data collection, ask them what trends they notice in the data. They should observe that both temperature and pressure decrease as elevation increases. Explain that, in the troposphere, the reason temperature decreases as pressure decreases is because the air molecules expand and cool as they rise.

Tell students that there are two ratios we can use to calculate how temperature changes relative to altitude/elevation, called the dry adiabatic lapse rate and wet or moist adiabatic lapse rate. Mt. Everest has very dry air, so in this case, students will need the dry adiabatic lapse rate which states that the temperature decreases by approximately 9.8 degrees Celsius for every 1000 meters (or approximately 5.5 degrees Fahrenheit for every 1000 feet) gained in elevation. Give students the Mt. Everest Adiabatic Lapse Rate handout and ask them to follow the directions to explore how this real data approximately follows that pattern.

###### Media Credits

The audio, illustrations, photos, and videos are credited beneath the media asset, except for promotional images, which generally link to another page that contains the media credit. The Rights Holder for media is the person or group credited.

###### Director
Tyson Brown, National Geographic Society
###### Author
National Geographic Society
###### Production Managers
Gina Borgia, National Geographic Society
Jeanna Sullivan, National Geographic Society
###### Program Specialists
Sarah Appleton, National Geographic Society, National Geographic Society
Margot Willis, National Geographic Society

January 22, 2024