Guerilla Geographer: Dr. Daniel Raven-Ellison

Guerilla Geographer: Dr. Daniel Raven-Ellison

Guerrilla geographer Daniel Raven-Ellison works with kids through his Mission: Explore to help people retain their creativity and optimism about the world around them.


6 - 12+


Experiential Learning, Geography, Human Geography, Physical Geography

NGS Resource Carousel Loading Logo
Loading ...

Daniel Raven-Ellison is a guerrilla geographer and a 2012 Emerging Explorer. He travels across cities to gain a different perspective of the world, one photo at a time. Through his projects, Urban Earth and Mission: Explore, Daniel encourages kids to create their own adventure, even in their own backyard.


Daniel has been exploring the world around him ever since he can remember. “Whether it has been searching for snakes and spiders or trying to lose friends in the woods, I have always been exploring and playing,” he says.

Daniel is a former geography teacher. Throughout his life and career, he has been preaching the philosophy of exploration. “I think everyone is an explorer,” he says. “We are all exploring each other now. It’s inevitable that you’re an explorer and the question is what you do with your exploration.”

Daniel also believes in what he refers to as “emotional architecture”—creating an open and loving environment in your home, instead of locking yourself in invisible walls of isolation, something he admits to doing as a teenager.

While his past adventures have certainly increased his sense of wonder, he continues to plant each foot forward and not dwell on the past.

“If you go back in time, you will think about what you want to change about your life and what you would have done differently,” he says. “But actually, from one phase to the next, you should be saying ‘you know what? I am going to do these really interesting things to make my life more worthwhile.’”


“The most exciting thing has been playing ‘capture the flag’ or a game of ‘1, 2, 3’ in the woods—that’s the best form of exploration out there because it’s the best thing out there in terms of emotion.”


According to Daniel, there is a lesson to be learned when climbing a steep and slippery volcano in New Guinea without the proper climbing equipment: Don’t do it.

“We went up this thing without the correct equipment and it got to the point where going back wasn’t really a choice either. I think that was the scariest part because the drop down was going to be like 500 meters [1,640 feet] and you would fall to your death,” he says.


Geography is anything that happens somewhere, which means that everything has a geographic place; whether that place is real or imagined—Middle-earth, Hogwarts—it’s an imagined place, but real in our minds. In some ways, they may be more real than places like New Zealand, if you have never been to New Zealand.”


As a guerilla geographer, Daniel asks questions about our sense of place, which forces him to think differently about the world. For instance, he decided to walk through entire cities, like Mexico City and London—taking a photo every eight steps.

By piecing the photographs together in films, collected under the title “Urban Earth,” Daniel was able to gain insight into worlds that are often overlooked. He was surprised to learn how safe the experience was.

“One thing I would like my child to have more than anything else is empathyempathy for others, and with that, tolerance for understanding other people’s positions and why they may be in the position they’re in,” he says. “Everyone is in a particular position because of where they have come from in their lives.”

Mission: Explore is a project that inspires children (and their parents) to become guerilla geographers by completing “missions.” Many Mission: Explore missions are collected in a series of books, focusing on areas such as camping and road trips. Missions may include searching for a long-lost cat, trying to arrive somewhere late and early at the same time, or drawing a picture of a beautiful deposit of . . . poop.

“If you put children in the woods and let them go feral for like half-an-hour, they will learn more from each other and the environment than they would have listening to the teacher for how many hours,” Daniel says.


Daniel suggests students “get all the Mission: Explore books and do the missions.”

Practicing your “ings” is also a one-way ticket to becoming a great explorer, Daniels says. Practice actions such as observing, asking, listening, smelling, feeling, tasting, experimenting, recording, painting, researching . . . everyday life.


Daniel encourages people to “go play hide-and-seek and go find stuff.”

He also urges everyone to go somewhere they have never been. Regardless if someone else has already explored the place, seek challenges and put yourself in a new situation.

Media Credits

The audio, illustrations, photos, and videos are credited beneath the media asset, except for promotional images, which generally link to another page that contains the media credit. The Rights Holder for media is the person or group credited.

Alyssa Samson
National Geographic Society
National Geographic Society
Last Updated

October 19, 2023

For information on user permissions, please read our Terms of Service. If you have questions about how to cite anything on our website in your project or classroom presentation, please contact your teacher. They will best know the preferred format. When you reach out to them, you will need the page title, URL, and the date you accessed the resource.


If a media asset is downloadable, a download button appears in the corner of the media viewer. If no button appears, you cannot download or save the media.


Text on this page is printable and can be used according to our Terms of Service.


Any interactives on this page can only be played while you are visiting our website. You cannot download interactives.

Related Resources