Filmmaker/Photographer: Jason Jaacks

Filmmaker/Photographer: Jason Jaacks

Jason Jaacks received a National Geographic Young Explorers grant to document the progress of the Elwha Dam removal in Washington state, the largest dam removal project in United States history.


5 - 12+


Arts and Music, Health, Experiential Learning, Geography, Physical Geography, Filmmaking

NGS Resource Carousel Loading Logo
Loading ...

Jason received a Young Explorers grant from the National Geographic Society to document changes occurring on the Elwha River, on Washington’s Olympic Peninsula. The largest dam-removal project in American history started there in September 2011.

Jason’s project, Return to Elwha, records this period of change on the river and surrounding ecosystems through photography, video, audio, and writing.

National Geographic’s Young Explorers program awards grants to scientists and explorers between the ages of 18 and 25. Grants are awarded to projects that generally fall under three categories: scientific research, applied conservation, or exploration and adventure.


“[Filmmaking] was something I was always very passionate about,” Jason recalls. “I made little-kid movies with Legos and a big VHS camera in the early ‘90s, and then when I was in high school I picked up a still camera and just became fascinated and spent a lot of time in the darkroom really learning image-making. It was always something I wanted to do, and so it just sort of kept building onto itself.”

Jason took a commercial photography class in high school before studying at the College of Santa Fe in New Mexico. Jason is now enrolled at the University of California at Berkeley’s Graduate School of Journalism.

The idea for Return to Elwha occurred when Jason noticed a newspaper headline: “Will 100-pound salmon return to Elwha?” As a longtime fly-fisherman, he was intrigued. “I was thinking, 100-pound salmon, oh my God, that’s like both dogs and one fish,” he recalls. “I wanted to go check it out.”


“The prospect of what’s to come.”

“This is one of the few times that dam removal, looking at ecosystem restoration for salmon as a whole, really has entered the picture. There have been a lot of attempts in other watersheds to supplement the runs with hatchery fish and all these other techniques to try and eke out more of a wild run to bring it back to something like it was. But this has one of the highest chances for success.”


“The physicality of it was pretty intense . . . We kept up a pretty solid pace,” Jason says.

In addition to the day-to-day strain of long days of hiking and rafting, the debris in the river required Jason and his team to fight their way around obstacles.

“There’s not enough flow, and there’s all of this deadfall. So every couple hundred yards we’d be clamoring up and over logjams and underneath them and sort of bushwhacking all around, hauling packs and camera gear,” he says. “And then in another twenty yards there’d be another logjam we just couldn’t move and couldn’t get around so we’d have to get up and get around it. So that was the physically demanding part of it.”


“As Napoleon said, ‘Geography is destiny’. And I absolutely think that’s true.

“Certainly you can see how the geography of a place like the Olympic Peninsula has absolutely dictated all of the lives of the animals and plants that live there and how human communities have interacted with those same animal communities. So for me geography is that kind of discussion that all of these different communities have with each other, communities of plants, communities of animals, communities of people. And how those conversations go I think really makes up what we describe as geography.”


Jason says his project “lies at the intersection of geography and human history.” The installation of the Elwha Dam altered the geography of the Olympic Peninsula in a big way—“reservoirs were formed, fish were stopped, and the geography of the landscape changed.”

While the dam’s removal is the focal point of Return to Elwha, Jason says the consequences of the restoration are at the heart of the story.

“The interesting part happens in another six months when the second dam is completely gone. What does it mean for that river to start coming back to life? That’s what the story really is.”

“The most powerful part of the restoration, for me, is knowing that fish are returning. During our expedition, scientists found steelhead in a tributary of the Elwha above the lower dam site. There is a lot of hope in that! One day, I hope to fly fish there with my grandchildren. I hope that the fish return to reclaim all of that habitat and that they return in significant numbers.”


“Students today have to have passion. If they want to do something they have to be passionate about it. It’s a ton of work, and I’m just scraping the iceberg of that. I think that’s what anybody in any of these fields would say. You don’t just back your way into it. If you’re interested in photography or filmmaking, or if you’re interested in biosciences, then you have to push for it. You have to find ways to meld that into your spare time, you have to find ways to learn more about it, you have to read everything you can about it. You just have to devour it in the sense that it comes second-nature to you.

“If you have a passion for something, don’t take no for an answer and don’t sleep on it.”


Jason encourages people to visit Olympic National Park, where the Elwha restoration project is readily accessible to the public. Visitors can check out the lower dam site, or walk a discovery trail with interpretive signs.

For the more adventurous, Jason recommends an evening walk along the former Lake Aldwell lakebed, which he calls “the best way to see dam removal in action.”

If you’re not able to visit the park yourself, Olympic National Park’s website includes a section dedicated to the restoration.

Media Credits

The audio, illustrations, photos, and videos are credited beneath the media asset, except for promotional images, which generally link to another page that contains the media credit. The Rights Holder for media is the person or group credited.

Allison Gramolini
Caryl-Sue Micalizio, National Geographic Society
Caryl-Sue Micalizio, National Geographic Society
Last Updated

January 22, 2024

For information on user permissions, please read our Terms of Service. If you have questions about how to cite anything on our website in your project or classroom presentation, please contact your teacher. They will best know the preferred format. When you reach out to them, you will need the page title, URL, and the date you accessed the resource.


If a media asset is downloadable, a download button appears in the corner of the media viewer. If no button appears, you cannot download or save the media.


Text on this page is printable and can be used according to our Terms of Service.


Any interactives on this page can only be played while you are visiting our website. You cannot download interactives.

Related Resources