Ocean Explorer Michael Lombardi

Ocean Explorer Michael Lombardi

Michael Lombardi explains his deep-diving work and offers suggestions to students who hope to pursue a career in ocean exploration.


5 - 12+


Biology, Earth Science, Oceanography, Experiential Learning

NGS Resource Carousel Loading Logo
Loading ...

Michael does scientific diving work for a variety of institutions, including the American Museum of Natural History, the Woods Hole Group, and the University of Rhode Island. One of his areas of focus is mesophotic coral ecosystems, which are deep-water coral reefs. One of the places Michael frequently dives is a 122-meter (400-foot) deep reef along Exuma Cays in the Bahamas. A National Geographic Society/Waitt Grantee, Michael has developed an underwater portable habitat, which allows divers to safely avoid decompression sickness in a more comfortable environment. Michael is also the founder of Ocean Opportunity, a grass roots, nonprofit organization engaged in ocean-related education and outreach activities.

EARLY WORK Michael grew up in Seekonk, Massachusetts, a short 16 kilometers (10 miles) from Narragansett Bay. “I spent a lot of time fishing with my dad and my brother, so I always had an interest in the water,” Michael says. In fact, Michael’s father may have helped instill his son’s passion for the ocean. “My dad was in the Navy during Vietnam, so he had some sea stories along the way that surely played a role,” Michael says. While still in high school, Michael took a dive course at nearby Brown University in Providence, Rhode Island. It wasn’t smooth sailing! “I had a really hard time with the dive class,” he says. “I struggled with the swim test. I struggled with putting my face in the water for the first time. I struggled with the whole thing. I was just convinced for reasons unknown at that point that I needed to be a good diver, because it was going to be a useful tool in my line of work.” The hard work paid off. After graduating from the University of New Hampshire in Durham with a degree in marine biology, Michael went to work immediately. “After college, because I had so much dive experience at that point, I was the go-to person for challenging dives in the science community,” he says.

MOST EXCITING PART OF YOUR WORK “The most exciting thing is being in a totally new place for the very first time—the first time for me, but also the first time for anybody. Some of these deep reefs have never been seen by humans firsthand.”

MOST DEMANDING PART OF YOUR WORK Michael says the “overall conditioning it takes to be proficient enough to do this kind of exploration” remains challenging—and it’s more than being in good physical shape. A diver exploring the deep ocean must be in tune with technology and be psychologically centered. “There is zero room at all for error,” he says. “There is zero room to be complacent.”

HOW DO YOU DEFINE GEOGRAPHY“I see geography as the study of people, places, and things—and how people, places, and things work together as a system in a particular area.”

GEO-CONNECTION Michael hopes his diving on the deep-water reefs of the Bahamas will help alert others to a whole geographic region that is unexplored. “What it tells us is not only is the world not flat, but there is a heck of a lot of blue out there!” he says. “It’s very, very deep, and there’s a whole other dimension that we need to start paying close attention to.” One geographic tool Michael frequently uses in his work is the global positioning system (GPS). “GPS is very important on the exploration front and in my day-to-day work,” he says. “It helps us map out work sites and identify new work sites or something that is lost underwater.” Google Earth is another geographic tool Michael is excited about. “Because it is so user-friendly, it is something that everybody on the exploration side should be leveraging . . . It’s such a good conduit to bring people into our world from remote places,” he says.

SO, YOU WANT TO BE AN . . . OCEAN EXPLORER Michael suggests students take an interdisciplinary approach to their studies. “While you might say you want to be a marine biologist, being a marine biologist doesn’t mean that you are just going to be studying sharks or dolphins,” he says. “You are going to be working closely with technology people and closely with geography people and closely with educators.” Michael sees one particular field that will be essential to the future of ocean exploration: engineering. “In my opinion, in terms of future careers, I really think there is going to be a shortage of engineers that have a good handle on exploration and exploration-related technology,” he says.

Fast Fact

Portable HabitatDivers’ bodies need to adjust to the changing water pressures from the deep ocean to the sunny surface. Usually, this means divers “hang out” at different stops on a “shot line” or “decompression trapeze” descending from the surface. Michael’s underwater portable habitat is made of a netted vinyl material that can be filled with air. The habitat is 1.5 meters (5 feet) in diameter and 1.5 meters (5 feet) tall. Inside are bench seats. It allows divers who need to decompress after a deep dive to do it in a more comfortable environment. “In our case, we have to figure out how to spend the last two hours of our dives comfortably, safely, and ideally more productively than hanging on a line,” Michael says.

Media Credits

The audio, illustrations, photos, and videos are credited beneath the media asset, except for promotional images, which generally link to another page that contains the media credit. The Rights Holder for media is the person or group credited.

Stuart Thornton
Jeannie Evers, Emdash Editing, Emdash Editing
Kara West
National Geographic Society
Last Updated

October 19, 2023

For information on user permissions, please read our Terms of Service. If you have questions about how to cite anything on our website in your project or classroom presentation, please contact your teacher. They will best know the preferred format. When you reach out to them, you will need the page title, URL, and the date you accessed the resource.


If a media asset is downloadable, a download button appears in the corner of the media viewer. If no button appears, you cannot download or save the media.


Text on this page is printable and can be used according to our Terms of Service.


Any interactives on this page can only be played while you are visiting our website. You cannot download interactives.

Related Resources