After the United States Civil War (1861-1865) devastated the country, President Abraham Lincoln aimed to reunite the nation as quickly as possible. Before the war even ended he had created a plan referred to as Reconstruction. However, a week after the war ended, Lincoln was assassinated and Andrew Johnson was sworn in as President. For a while, President Johnson followed Lincoln’s plan, but then implemented his own in May of 1865. Black codes were established in many states that curtailed the rights of African Americans. Congress responded with the Civil Rights Act of 1866, but that did not prevent states from passing discriminatory legislation.
Investigate this complex period of national rebuilding and retrenchment further with these resources.
5 - 8
Social Studies, U.S. History