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World War II in Europe

World War II in Europe

Click through this timeline to better understand how the Axis and Allies engaged in conflict in Europe between 1935 and 1945.

Grades

5 - 11

Subjects

Social Studies, World History

A "theatre" of conflict is the geographic place where military events occur. World War II had two primary theatres: The European Theatre and the Pacific Theatre.

The European Theatre of World War II stretched across the entire continent, from the Atlantic Ocean to the Ural Mountains. It also encompassed campaigns throughout the Mediterranean Basin, including the Middle East and North Africa.

The roots of World War II in Europe are found far deeper than the development of the Wehrmacht in 1935, and linger far beyond its unconditional surrender ten years later. This timeline, however, is limited to pivotal events in that crucial decade (1935-1945) in modern European history. Click through to learn more.

Visit our interactive timeline of the Pacific Theatre to better appreciate how the conflict truly was a world war. To interact with a comprehensive timeline of both theatres, click here.

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Editors
National Geographic Society
Melissa MacPhee, National Geographic Society
Meghan Modafferi, National Geographic Society
Producer
National Geographic Society
other
Last Updated

May 20, 2022

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